Mineo - Gambino Crime Family Essay
The process of the formation of the Mineo-Gambino crime family at the beginning of the XXth century.
Why is Gambino Crime Family known all over the world? What was the relation of Al Mineo to Carlo Gambino? has the Italian Mafia of the beginning of the XXth century?
Gambino Crime FamilyÖ This name is probably known all over the United States and far beyond it. And itís obviously known as one of the richest and most powerful crime families.
Mineo - Gambino Crime Family Essay
ď will stay , until I dieĒ, - John Gotti
Introduction: Gambino Crime FamilyÖ This name is probably known all over the United States and far beyond it. And itís obviously known as one of the richest and most powerful crime families. Its history was full of murders and betrayal. It was betrayal that made the family loose its traditions, its power and dissolve. But let me turn to the very birth of this crime family. It all began in the days of Alfred Mineo and Steve Ferrigno. At that time the family included Tata Chiricho, Joe Traina, Vincent Mangano, Frank Scalise and Albert Anastasia. Al Mineo and Steve Ferrigno were murdered in 1930. Vince and Phil Mangano took over and became part of the contemporary Mafia.Those days what they did was they ran an outfit limited largely to rackets in Brooklyn, the waterfront and gambling - horse betting, the numbers, the Italian lottery. Then Albert Anastasia known as the head of Murder Incorporated took over. Anastasia was unofficially advised by Frank Costello (who was from another crime family). He expanded the organization greatly into new rackets, especially gambling, loan-sharking, and drug trafficking. But he couldnít not go further that this Ė for he was a man who was really into dangerous actions, which sometimes had no explanation. As Anastasia wasnít eager to share power and even more that that Ė he wanted to take control over the crime family he got into a deal with his friend Costello and Vito Genovese. The two of them decided to get rid of Anastasia with the help of Carlo Gambino. Gambino got rid of Anastasia in a murder. Tough his actions were rough, Gambino understood that it wasnít safe to be enemies with Luciano and Costello and he tried to tie up a ďfriendlyĒ relationship.
Even at this point we can see that Gambinoís crime family history was all over in blood: the first boss, Al Mineo, has been killed by the second, Albert Anastasia who, in turn, was betrayed by the third, Carlo Gambino. Gambino rules with the assistance of Dellacroce. Gambino was a man who didnít really care about what people thought of him, though he liked to be believed to be ďa common guyĒ from the neighborhood. He often visited his old neighborhood. And obviously he didnít pretend, because he was a man that had a strong believe in traditions, old ties. For him coming there was like recalling what he went through to get to the place he was at the moment. It reminded him of his family, which he really loved and respected. Gambino wanted everything to be the way itís supposed to be, democracy obviously wasnít the thing he preferred. I got very interested by the way he shook hands because it tells a lot about his personality. When he didnít know the person and didnít really care to get to know him his hand was under that personís hand and didnít mean anything. But if the person dealt with his business or had his respect his hand was on top.
Gambinoís crime family structure included: the boss, his assistant, the counselor who transfers necessary instructions, kapo responsible for "soldiers" in the commands, and, at last, executors of bloody orders of the leaders - "soldiers". Gambino "Family" included over twenty commands. Kapo was the boss of 250 ďsoldiersĒ. ĒSoldiersĒ swore to the "family" and were under itís protection. Kapo, in turn, directed the profit to the three main leaders of "family".
John Gotti, Gambinoís ďsoldierĒ, was one of the man who did his best to prove he is true to the ďfamilyĒ. It was him, who by Gambinoís order found and killed the murderer of his nephew Emmanuel. John Gotti was also under the protection of Dellacroce. As Gambino was getting older everybody thought that Dellacroce will come after him, as his assistant and right hand, butÖGambino did something that no other family leader dared to do. He chose himself a person to come after him and it was Paul Castellano Ė the husband of his sister. I personally believe he did it because family bounds were very valuable for him. But stillÖPaul Castellano got an enemy Ė Dellacroce. In recompense Dellacroce was allowed to stay the family and was given ten out of 23 branches they had. In 1976 Gambino died. It was this very moment when the family started dividing, because by doing this Gambino formed two different opposing forces in one single crime family.
In 1976 Paul Castellano became the leader of the family, but he didnít really look like a mafiosi, he was more like a businessmen. There were some ĒprofessionalĒ areas that interested Castellano, such as the garment trade, trucking industries, construction unions. He didnít want anybody to die and tried to avoid situations like that. In spite of this he was the boss of the staling Ėcars operations, as the result of which there were a lot of murders. As Castellano didnít want his family to participate in some activities he thought werenít worth of the family started losing itís power and couldnít affect the same people anymore. One of the things he didnít want to do Ė is to deal with drugs.
There still was a person that tried to work with drugs behind his back. It was John Gotti. John Gotti stayed under the protection and gave advice to Dellacroce until 1985 when Dellacroce died. Castellano made an attempt to get rid of him. Castellano thought that the best way to do it would be choosing a different underboss. This way he was stopping Gottiís further career movement. If he was a clever mafia boss he wouldíve started killing his opposition, but he didnít do it and what he got was awful. He got killed by John Gotti and Salvatore Gravano. The same day it happens Gotti swears to be true to the Gambino Crime Family and becomes itís boss. It was John Gotti who became ďThe boss of the bossesĒ who had a yearly outcome of 16 million dollars. But his only mistake was trusting Salvatore Gravano, a real killer who was just afraid of death. John Gotti was believed to be invulnerable, but at the moment Gravano got scared of the electric chair he told everything he knew about Gotti and Gotti was accused and sentenced for life. It wouldíve never happened if they didnít become enemies. It was the second moment when Gambinoís Crime family started dissolving. Actually, as historians assure, this moment was a breaking line and saying it in other words it was the end of an era of a mafia. John Gotti sits in prison. His son and successor John Gotti Jr. didnít take his fatherís place for long. It was Peter Gotti, Johnís younger brother who became the god father of the Gambinoís Crime Family. But the family is not the same anymore, it doesnít have even a half of the control it used to have.
Conclusion: The OLD FAMILY tried to establish the control and over the International association of dockers. Them were interested in the financial streams coming in this organization from the insurance organizations and employers. The Family wanted to receive a part of money that should go on payment of pensions to former dockers and for the maintenance to the invalids who have received a trauma at work. Besides the crime family "held" many shops in territory of Brooklyn. Representatives of a clan also owned underground game institutions where there were slot machines which have not passed procedure of licensing in official bodies of the USA, ect.
Nowadays, because of the arrests, deaths, betrayals, not following the family traditions the Gambinoís Crime family is almost dead. And the EMPIRE that was built for so long on the bones of itís slaves is now at the level of earth. But who knows what wouldíve happened if the family didnít dissolve. And someday we might hear again about the ďItalian PowerĒ!
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o Oíneil Garard, Lehr. Dickď The underbossď (PublicAffairs 2002).
o Italian chronicles (ONYX, 1996)